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The schematic model that eventually was accepted is the Metonic cycle, which equates 19 tropical years to 235 synodic months.In 1583, the Catholic Church began using 21 March under the Gregorian calendar to calculate the date of Easter, while the Eastern Churches have continued to use 21 March under the Julian calendar.The earliest known Roman tables were devised in 222 by Hippolytus of Rome based on eight-year cycles.Then 84-year tables were introduced in Rome by Augustalis near the end of the 3rd century.The vernal equinox is fixed to fall on 21 March (previously it varied in different areas and in some areas Easter was allowed to fall before the equinox).The full moon is an ecclesiastical full moon determined by reference to a lunar calendar, which again varied in different areas.
The earliest and latest dates for Easter are 22 March and 25 April.
Because of these perceived defects in the traditional practice, Christian computists began experimenting with systems for determining Easter that would be free of these defects.
But these experiments themselves led to controversy, since some Christians held that the customary practice of holding Easter during the Jewish festival of Unleavened Bread should be continued, even if the Jewish computations were in error from the Christian point of view.
Easter is the most important Christian feast, and the proper date of its celebration has been the subject of controversy as early as the meeting of Anicetus and Polycarp around 154.
According to Eusebius' Church History, quoting Polycrates of Ephesus, churches in the Roman Province of Asia "always observed the day when the people put away the leaven", namely Passover, the 14th of the lunar month of Nisan.
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The process of working out the details generated still further controversies. In its developed form it was based on the epacts of a reckoned moon according to the 19-year Metonic cycle.